Android实现底部导航栏功能(选项卡)
时间:03月15日

现在很多android的应用都采用底部导航栏的功能,这样可以使得用户在使用过程中随意切换不同的页面,现在我采用TabHost组件来自定义一个底部的导航栏的功能。
我们先看下该demo实例的框架图:

其中各个类的作用以及资源文件就不详细解释了,还有资源图片(在该Demo中借用了其它应用程序的资源图片)也不提供了,大家可以自行更换自己需要的资源图片。直接上各个布局文件或各个类的代码:
1、 res/layout目录下的 maintabs.xml 源码:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> 
<TabHost android:id="@android:id/tabhost" android:layout_widths="fill_parent" android:layout_heights="fill_parent" 
 xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"> 
 <LinearLayout android:orientation="vertical" android:layout_widths="fill_parent" android:layout_heights="fill_parent"> 
  <FrameLayout android:id="@android:id/tabcontent" android:layout_widths="fill_parent" android:layout_heights="0.0dip" android:layout_weight="1.0" /> 
  <TabWidget android:id="@android:id/tabs" android:visibility="gone" android:layout_widths="fill_parent" android:layout_heights="wrap_content" android:layout_weight="0.0" /> 
   <RadioGroup 
    android:gravity="center_vertical" android:layout_gravity="bottom" android:orientation="horizontal" android:id="@id/main_radio" android:background="@drawable/maintab_toolbar_bg" 
    android:layout_widths="fill_parent" android:layout_heights="wrap_content"> 
    <RadioButton android:id="@id/radio_button0" android:layout_marginTop="2.0dip" android:text="@string/main_home" android:drawableTop="@drawable/icon_1_n" nuoxin="@style/main_tab_bottom" /> 
    <RadioButton android:id="@id/radio_button1" android:layout_marginTop="2.0dip" android:text="@string/main_news" android:drawableTop="@drawable/icon_2_n" nuoxin="@style/main_tab_bottom" /> 
    <RadioButton android:id="@id/radio_button2" android:layout_marginTop="2.0dip" android:text="@string/main_manage_date" android:drawableTop="@drawable/icon_3_n" nuoxin="@style/main_tab_bottom" /> 
    <RadioButton android:id="@id/radio_button3" android:layout_marginTop="2.0dip" android:text="@string/main_friends" android:drawableTop="@drawable/icon_4_n" nuoxin="@style/main_tab_bottom" /> 
    <RadioButton android:id="@id/radio_button4" android:layout_marginTop="2.0dip" android:text="@string/more" android:drawableTop="@drawable/icon_5_n" nuoxin="@style/main_tab_bottom" /> 
   </RadioGroup> 
 </LinearLayout> 
</TabHost> 


2、res/drawable 下的 home_btn_bg.xml 源码:

<selector 
 xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"> 
 <item android:state_focused="true" android:state_enabled="true" android:state_pressed="false" android:drawable="@drawable/home_btn_bg_s" /> 
 <item android:state_enabled="true" android:state_pressed="true" android:drawable="@drawable/home_btn_bg_s" /> 
 <item android:state_enabled="true" android:state_checked="true" android:drawable="@drawable/home_btn_bg_d" /> 
 <item android:drawable="@drawable/transparent" /> 
</selector> 

3、res/values 下的源码:
dimens.xml源码:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> 
<resources> 
 
 <dimen name="bottom_tab_font_size">10.0sp</dimen> 
 <dimen name="bottom_tab_padding_up">5.0dip</dimen> 
 <dimen name="bottom_tab_padding_drawable">2.0dip</dimen> 
 <dimen name="switch_logo_bottom_padding">30.0sp</dimen> 
 <dimen name="widget_height">100.0dip</dimen> 
 <dimen name="sta_height">48.0dip</dimen> 
 <dimen name="large_padding_length">20.0dip</dimen> 
 <dimen name="widget_write_margin_top">19.0dip</dimen> 
 <dimen name="widget_write_margin_left">10.0dip</dimen> 
 <dimen name="widget_content_margin_top">20.0dip</dimen> 
 <dimen name="widget_content_margin_left">10.0dip</dimen> 
 <dimen name="widget_logo_size">35.0dip</dimen> 
 <dimen name="title_height">74.0dip</dimen> 
 <dimen name="new_blog_size">70.0dip</dimen> 
 <dimen name="emotion_item_view_height">13.299988dip</dimen> 
 <dimen name="splash_test_top_margin_top">20.0dip</dimen> 
 <dimen name="splash_test_center_margin_right">0.0dip</dimen> 
 <dimen name="title_text_size">20.0sp</dimen> 
 <dimen name="normal_padding_length">10.0dip</dimen> 
 <dimen name="no_result_padding_length">50.0dip</dimen> 
 
</resources> 

drawables.xml源码:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> 
<resources> 
 
 <item type="drawable" name="ltgray">#fff4f4f4</item> 
 <item type="drawable" name="ltyellow">#fffff4db</item> 
 <item type="drawable" name="black">#ff000000</item> 
 <item type="drawable" name="transparent">#00000000</item> 
 <item type="drawable" name="widget_edit_block_bg_normal">@android:color/transparent</item> 
 <item type="drawable" name="transparent_background">#99000000</item> 
 <item type="drawable" name="list_background">#fff4f4f4</item> 
 <item type="drawable" name="namcard_picker_bkg_normal">#ff272727</item> 
 <item type="drawable" name="namcard_picker_bkg_hover">#ff333333</item> 
 
</resources> 

ids.xml源码:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> 
<resources> 
 
 <item type="id" name="main_radio">false</item> 
 <item type="id" name="radio_button0">false</item> 
 <item type="id" name="radio_button1">false</item> 
 <item type="id" name="radio_button2">false</item> 
 <item type="id" name="radio_button3">false</item> 
 <item type="id" name="radio_button4">false</item> 
 
</resources> 

strings.xml源码:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> 
<resources> 
 <string name="hello">Hello World, MainTabActivity!</string> 
 <string name="app_name">TabDemo</string> 
 <string name="main_news">消息</string> 
 <string name="main_home">首页</string> 
 <string name="more">更多</string> 
 <string name="main_manage_date">时间</string> 
 <string name="main_friends">好友</string> 
</resources> 

styles.xml源码:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> 
<resources> 
 
  <style name="main_tab_bottom"> 
  <item name="android:textSize">@dimen/bottom_tab_font_size</item> 
  <item name="android:textColor">#ffffffff</item> 
  <item name="android:ellipsize">marquee</item> 
  <item name="android:gravity">center_horizontal</item> 
  <item name="android:background">@drawable/home_btn_bg</item> 
  <item name="android:paddingTop">@dimen/bottom_tab_padding_up</item> 
  <item name="android:paddingBottom">2.0dip</item> 
  <item name="android:layout_width">fill_parent</item> 
  <item name="android:layout_height">wrap_content</item> 
  <item name="android:layout_marginBottom">2.0dip</item> 
  <item name="android:button">@null</item> 
  <item name="android:singleLine">true</item> 
  <item name="android:drawablePadding">@dimen/bottom_tab_padding_drawable</item> 
  <item name="android:layout_weight">1.0</item> 
 </style> 
 
</resources> 

4、 src/com.andyidea.tabdemo包下面各个UI界面类源码:
MainTabActivity.java源码:

package com.andyidea.tabdemo; 
 
import android.app.TabActivity; 
import android.content.Intent; 
import android.os.Bundle; 
import android.view.Window; 
import android.widget.CompoundButton; 
import android.widget.RadioButton; 
import android.widget.CompoundButton.OnCheckedChangeListener; 
import android.widget.TabHost; 
 
public class MainTabActivity extends TabActivity implements OnCheckedChangeListener{ 
  
 private TabHost mTabHost; 
 private Intent mAIntent; 
 private Intent mBIntent; 
 private Intent mCIntent; 
 private Intent mDIntent; 
 private Intent mEIntent; 
  
 /** Called when the activity is first created. */ 
 @Override 
 public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { 
  super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); 
  requestWindowFeature(Window.FEATURE_NO_TITLE); 
  setContentView(R.layout.maintabs); 
   
  this.mAIntent = new Intent(this,AActivity.class); 
  this.mBIntent = new Intent(this,BActivity.class); 
  this.mCIntent = new Intent(this,CActivity.class); 
  this.mDIntent = new Intent(this,DActivity.class); 
  this.mEIntent = new Intent(this,EActivity.class); 
   
  ((RadioButton) findViewById(R.id.radio_button0)) 
  .setOnCheckedChangeListener(this); 
  ((RadioButton) findViewById(R.id.radio_button1)) 
  .setOnCheckedChangeListener(this); 
  ((RadioButton) findViewById(R.id.radio_button2)) 
  .setOnCheckedChangeListener(this); 
  ((RadioButton) findViewById(R.id.radio_button3)) 
  .setOnCheckedChangeListener(this); 
  ((RadioButton) findViewById(R.id.radio_button4)) 
  .setOnCheckedChangeListener(this); 
   
  setupIntent(); 
 } 
 
 @Override 
 public void onCheckedChanged(CompoundButton buttonView, boolean isChecked) { 
  if(isChecked){ 
   switch (buttonView.getId()) { 
   case R.id.radio_button0: 
    this.mTabHost.setCurrentTabByTag("A_TAB"); 
    break; 
   case R.id.radio_button1: 
    this.mTabHost.setCurrentTabByTag("B_TAB"); 
    break; 
   case R.id.radio_button2: 
    this.mTabHost.setCurrentTabByTag("C_TAB"); 
    break; 
   case R.id.radio_button3: 
    this.mTabHost.setCurrentTabByTag("D_TAB"); 
    break; 
   case R.id.radio_button4: 
    this.mTabHost.setCurrentTabByTag("MORE_TAB"); 
    break; 
   } 
  } 
   
 } 
  
 private void setupIntent() { 
  this.mTabHost = getTabHost(); 
  TabHost localTabHost = this.mTabHost; 
 
  localTabHost.addTab(buildTabSpec("A_TAB", R.string.main_home, 
    R.drawable.icon_1_n, this.mAIntent)); 
 
  localTabHost.addTab(buildTabSpec("B_TAB", R.string.main_news, 
    R.drawable.icon_2_n, this.mBIntent)); 
 
  localTabHost.addTab(buildTabSpec("C_TAB", 
    R.string.main_manage_date, R.drawable.icon_3_n, 
    this.mCIntent)); 
 
  localTabHost.addTab(buildTabSpec("D_TAB", R.string.main_friends, 
    R.drawable.icon_4_n, this.mDIntent)); 
 
  localTabHost.addTab(buildTabSpec("MORE_TAB", R.string.more, 
    R.drawable.icon_5_n, this.mEIntent)); 
 
 } 
  
 private TabHost.TabSpec buildTabSpec(String tag, int resLabel, int resIcon, 
   final Intent content) { 
  return this.mTabHost.newTabSpec(tag).setIndicator(getString(resLabel), 
    getResources().getDrawable(resIcon)).setContent(content); 
 } 
} 

其中 AActivity.java 与 BActivity.java ,CActivity.java ,DActivity.java ,EActivity.java 中的源码都一样,只是用来表示不同的界面展示,故这里只列出 AActivity.java的源码:

package com.andyidea.tabdemo; 
 
import android.app.Activity; 
import android.os.Bundle; 
import android.view.Gravity; 
import android.widget.TextView; 
 
public class AActivity extends Activity{ 
  
 @Override 
 public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { 
  super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); 
   
  TextView tv = new TextView(this); 
  tv.setText("This is A Activity!"); 
  tv.setGravity(Gravity.CENTER); 
  setContentView(tv); 
 } 
 
} 

最后,大家别忘了在 AndroidManifest.xml 文件中注册各个 Activity 组件哦。好了,现在我们看下我们程序运行的效果图:

源码下载: Android实现底部导航栏功能(选项卡)

到此就实现了一个比较流行的底部导航栏的功能了,希望本文所述对大家学习Android软件编程有所帮助。

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