Spring Cloud Feign文件传输的示例代码
时间:03月28日

一、配置文件解析器

服务提供者和消费者都需要配置文件解析器,这里使用 commons-fileupload 替换原有的解析器:

依赖:

<dependency>
  <groupId>commons-fileupload</groupId>
  <artifactId>commons-fileupload</artifactId>
  <version>1.3.1</version>
</dependency>

注入 bean :

@Bean(name = "multipartResolver")
public MultipartResolver mutipartResolver(){
  CommonsMultipartResolver com = new CommonsMultipartResolver();
  com.setDefaultEncoding("utf-8");
  return com;
}

程序入口中剔除原有的解析器:

@SpringBootApplication(exclude = {MultipartAutoConfiguration.class})

二、服务提供者,即接收文件一方的配置

Controller 的写法:

@ResponseBody
@RequestMapping(value = "/upload", method = {RequestMethod.POST},
        produces = {MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_UTF8_VALUE},
        consumes = MediaType.MULTIPART_FORM_DATA_VALUE)
public Result<String> uploadFile(@RequestPart("file")MultipartFile file,
@RequestParam("id")Long id){
  String fileName = file.getOriginalFilename();
  String extend = FileOperateUtil.suffix(fileName);
  FileOperateUtil.copy("E:\\" + fileName, file);
  return ResultBuilder.success("ok");
}

@RequestPart 指定文件,后面的 @RequestParam 是额外参数,注意额外参数不能超过url长度限制。

三、服务消费者配置

依赖:

<dependency>
  <groupId>io.github.openfeign.form</groupId>
  <artifactId>feign-form-spring</artifactId>
  <version>3.2.2</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
  <groupId>io.github.openfeign.form</groupId>
  <artifactId>feign-form</artifactId>
  <version>3.2.2</version>
</dependency>

文件编码配置:

import feign.codec.Encoder;
import feign.form.spring.SpringFormEncoder;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.ObjectFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.HttpMessageConverters;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.feign.support.SpringEncoder;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

@Configuration
public class MultipartSupportConfig{

  @Autowired
  private ObjectFactory<HttpMessageConverters> messageConverters;

  @Bean
  public Encoder feignFormEncoder(){
    return new SpringFormEncoder(new SpringEncoder(messageConverters));
  }

}

Feign 接口定义:

@FeignClient(name = "test-upload")
public interface UploadService{

  @ResponseBody
  @RequestMapping(value = "/upload", method = {RequestMethod.POST},
      produces = {MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_UTF8_VALUE},
      consumes = MediaType.MULTIPART_FORM_DATA_VALUE)
  Result<String>uploadFile(@RequestPart("file")MultipartFile file,
@RequestParam("id")Long id);

}

与普通 Feign 接口写法差不多,注意方法注解和参数与服务提供者的 controller 一样。

Controller 的写法, Controller 中接收前端传过来的文件信息和额外参数,然后通过 Feign 接口传输到远端:

// 注入 feign 接口
@Autowired
private UploadService uploadService;

@RequestMapping(value = "/upload", method = RequestMethod.POST, produces = "application/json; charset=utf-8")
@ResponseBody
public Result<String> testUpload(HttpServletRequest request, Long id){
  Result<String> result = null;
  MultipartHttpServletRequest mRequest = (MultipartHttpServletRequest) request;
  Map<String, MultipartFile> fileMap = mRequest.getFileMap();
  for (MultipartFile mFile : fileMap.values()) {
    String fileName = mFile.getOriginalFilename();
    result = uploadService.uploadFile(mFile, id);
  }
  return result;
}

四、总结

最后梳理一下流程,服务消费者接收前端(如浏览器)传过来的文件,但是并不进行业务处理,然后通过 Feign 调用接口,把文件传给服务提供者,服务提供者拿到文件后,进行相应的业务处理。

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持诺心网络。

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